Natural stone is carved into specific shapes for architectural purposes. It is created especially to decorate or embellish an architectural structure. A classic example would be the figural sculptures that are integrated into a building to enhance the ornamental and aesthetic effect. Carved stone can be integrated into the design of a building. Stone can be carved for masonry features such as columns, door and window trim, lintels, corbels and finials.
A carved marble fireplace face and mantelpiece is an example of architectural sculptured stone. Marble, as one of the most “malleable” stones, has been the most popular material for millennia. Today, due to their low cost, some sandstones and limestones have become prevalent.
Dimension stone is natural stone that has been trimmed, cut, and drilled to a specific size or shape. Custom dimensional stone is sometimes ordered from the quarry for projects that are monumental in size. A variety of rocks are used as structural and decorative dimension stone. Rocks commonly used for dimension stone are Granite, Limestone, Marble, Travertine, and Sandstone.